There are a number of tests for the evaluation of endurance. How do coaches choose the test which would be best for them, and their athletes? You have to ask the question, what the test would be best suited for our needs, the needs of our athletes and for sports with which the athlete do? When selecting tests, we must take into account the characteristics of our athletes, but also the very characteristics of sport and the specifics that are characteristic of the sport. In any case, it is good to have some knowledge about the state of training of our athletes, but do not have any, when it comes to sports preparation, there is no place for “a pat” in the dark. When selecting an appropriate test should take into account the type of sport that deals with our athlete, on the age and number of athletes, the level of preparedness of our athletes and the financial capabilities of the club or athletes. The selected test must have good psychometric properties (reliability, sensitivity, validity, objectivity) and a clearly defined testing protocol.
Diagnosis of endurance → seeks to determine the effectiveness of aerobic and anaerobic functional mechanisms for their application finds and control the effectiveness of our training programs. The tests can be divided into laboratory, which are more expensive, but more precise, and on the field, which are cheaper and they do not require expensive instrumentation. According to the characteristics of the tests can be divided into basic and specific, according to the type of load tests differentiate between fixed and progressive load and depending on the type we have continuous and discontinuous tests. When selecting an appropriate test, the method of testing that always has a precisely defined procedure. We conducted our review and we got the information, now what …?
Now comes their correct interpretation, and the information we received we use for the improvement of our training programs. The resulting data can be used for comparison with the reference values, or model characteristics that have achieved excellent, the best athletes in their sport. On this basis, we can see where is our athlete in relation to the other best athletes in selected sports. We can gain insight into some deficient characteristics of our athletes and direct training with the aim of improving these weaker characteristics. In this article, I will mention only some laboratory and field tests to assess the durability and only a little scratch the surface of tests for the assessment of endurance. I will not go into detail describing the protocol of testing for every test because today the test procedures are readily available and well described.
Laboratory and field tests for the assessment of aerobic energy capacity
When it comes to laboratory tests for the assessment of aerobic energy capacity, the extensive application finds their maximal ergometry tests on the treadmill (KF05, KF1, Kf4) and tests for rowing and cycle ergometer. By applying these tests can determine a large number of variables (ventilation, spirometry, and biochemical parameters), we can determine the anaerobic threshold and more.
All these data can be statistically processed, interpreted and used to enhance its program of sports training. From field tests I would mention here, Cooper test (suitable for a larger number of athletes), I would recommend Conconijev test on the track and the yo-yo (estimated recovery capacity of athletes, variant of beep test) or beep test. When beep test we can use the running computer for more information about heart rate. There are also tables with standard values of the receiving oxygen, depending on the result obtained in the test.
Laboratory tests for the assessment of anaerobic energy capacity
From laboratory tests indicated that some would have proven to be fairly good.
- KF1 test – progressive test on treadmill → measured time of endurance in anaerobic zone
- Ergo jump duration 15s, 45s, 60s implemented on the platform or contact mat→ estimated anaerobic endurance and anaerobic power during jumps. The athlete in a given time is continuously performed jumps with maximum intensity. The result is expressed in the average height of the jump (cm) and mechanical power in 15, 45 or 60s divided by the mass of athletes (W / kg).
- T-lim test → test to assess anaerobic capacity that is carried out only after the exercise test assessment running speed at which the athlete reaches VO2max. After defining vVO2max performed test of T-Lim in which the athlete has to run as long as possible at the given speed and the result is expressed in the endurance running time
The field tests for the assessment of anaerobic capacity
- 300 yards or 300m (European version of the test 300yardi, 15x20m)
- RAST test (Running anaerobic sprint test) – interval sprint test
- Field tests 300, 400 or 800 m
The present set of tests is just one small part of a large number of tests in the world. However, laboratory tests can provide you with reliable information about the level of aerobic and anaerobic capacity of the athlete while a simple field test can also get important information about the state of training of athletes. In any case, the diagnosis of the sport certainly has its place in the short-term and long-term sports preparation and of that isn’t well run. This is just one more way to improve the quality and efficiency of our sports training.